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Punjab, also spelt Panjab, is a state located in north-west of India. The state is bordered by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and south-east, Rajasthan to the south-west, Jammu and Kashmir to the north as well as the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. The state capital is located in Chandigarh, which is a Union Territory and also the capital of the neighbouring state of Haryana. Punjab is the only state in India with a majority Sikh population.

The term Punjab comprises two words 'punj' meaning five and 'ab' meaning water, thus 'The Land of Five Rivers', referring to the following rivers: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas. All are tributaries of the Indus River, Jhelum being the largest.

Punjab, during Mahabharata times, was known as 'Panchanad'. Indus Valley Civilization spanned much of the Punjab region with cities such as Harrapa. Punjab is primarily an agricultural state and enjoys the natural benefits of fertile soils and abundant waters. It is the largest single producer of wheat in India.

Latitude 30.79°N
Longitude 76.78°E

Must See

Amritsar
-Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple)
-Wagah Border
-Jallianwala Bagh
-Gobindgarh Fort

Bathinda
-Sri Damdama Sahib
-Ancient Fort
-Bhagwathi Mandir

Faridkot
-Raj Mahal
-Faridkot Fort
-Shaheed Bhagat Singh Garden

Fatehgarh Sahib (Sirhind-Fategarh)
-Aam Khas Bagh
-Archaeological Museum
-Sanghol

Fazilka
-Asafwala War Memorial
-Abohar Black Buck Sanctuary

Ferozpur
-Anglo Sikh War Memorial
-Shwetanber Jain Temple
-National Wetland & Wildlife Sanctuary

Gurdaspur
-Takhat-I-Akbari
-Keshopur Wetland
-Gurdwara Darbar Sahib

Hoshiarpur
-Archaeological Museum
-Takhni Rehmapur
-Dholbaha

Jalandhar
-Tombs of Mohammed Momin
-Serai Nurmahal
-Kos Minar

Kapurthala
-Jagatjit Palace
-Moorish Mosque
-Kanjli Wetland

Ludhiana
-Phillaur Fort
-Mughal Serai
-Payal Fort

Mohali (Ajitgarh)
-Chappar Chiri
-Chhatbir Zoo
-Sikh Ajaibghar

Pathankot
-Shahpur Kandi Fort
-Doong Caves

Patiala
-Sheesh Mahal
-Dukhniwaran Sahib Gurudwara
-Qila Mubarak
-Bahadurgarh Fort
-Sports Museum
-Moti Bagh Palace

Rupnagar
-Ropar Wetland
-Anandpur Sahib Fort
-Keshgarh Fort
-Indus Valley Civilization Site
-Bhakra Dam, Nangal

Sangrur
-Wadda Gallunghara
-Bansar Garden

Popular Food

Aloo Paratha
Halwa Poori
Sarson Da Saag with Makki Di Roti
Mushroom and Bean Sabzi
Dal makhani
Rajma Rice
Rongi
Choley
Kadhi Pakora
Shahi Paneer
Khoya Paneer
Falooda
Lassi
Tandoori Chicken
Butter Chicken
Chicken Tikka
Rogan Josh
Bhuna Gosht
Kadhai Gosht
Raan Gosht
Dal Gosht
Saag Gosht
Nihari Gosht
Rara Gosht
Paye Da Shorba
Amritsari Fish
Tandoori Fish
Fish Tikka
Fish Pakora
Chicken Biryani
Lamb Biryani
Kheema with naan
Kheer
Atta Halwa
Phirni
Jalebi
Malpua
Sheer Korma

Things to Buy

Phulkaris - a form of craft in which artistic embroidery embellishes a shawl, saree, dupatta or the entire dress(bagh)

Parandis - attractive hangings worn in the hair by Punjabi women, especially those living in the rural areas

Shawls - famous for intricate designs, coziness, reasonable price and different varieties like angora, jamavar, embroidered pashmina, beaded pashmina, cashmillon shawls, kulu shawls and jacquard shawls

Jutties - typical footwear of Punjab bearing a grand display of patterns and designs

Durries - flat woven rugs used either as bedcovers or as carpets

Inlaid Furniture - carved with exquisite geometrical, floral, animal and trellis designs

Others - Leather Garments, Antique finish Jewellery, Punjab Dolls, Paper Mache Utensils, Hand Fans, Baskets and Folk Toys

How To reach

Roadways
-All cities and towns of Punjab are connected with four lane National Highways
-The Grand Trunk Road, NH 1, connects Calcutta to Peshawar passing through Jalandhar and Amritsar
-Another major National Highway connects Punjab to Jammu passing through Hoshiarpur and Pathankot
-Following National Highways connect major towns, cities and villages: NH 1, NH 10, NH 15, NH 1A, NH 20 , NH 21, NH 22, NH 64, NH 70, NH 71, NH 95

Railways
-Almost all major and smaller cities of the state are linked through railways
-Amritsar is the largest railway station having trains connecting to all major cities
-The railway junction in Bhatinda is the largest in Asia
-The Samjhauta Express, joint venture between Indian Railways and Pakistan Railways, runs from Attari railway station near Amritsar in India to Lahore Railway Station in Punjab, Pakistan

Airways
-Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar is the largest and most important airport in the state and is also the second busiest in North India after Delhi Airport
-Domestic airports are at Ludhiana, Patiala, Pathankot and Bathinda

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