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Bihar

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Bihar is a state in eastern India.Bihar lies mid-way between West Bengal in the east and Uttar Pradesh in the west and by Jharkhand to the south. It is bounded by the country of Nepal to the north . Its capital Patna, earlier known as Pataliputra, was an important centre of Indian civilization. Nalanda and Vikramshila were centres of learning established in the 5th and 8th century respectively in Bihar, and are counted amongst the oldest and truly international universities, where people all over the world came to study. 

Bihar's antiquity is evident from its name, which is derived from the ancient word "VIHARA". It is indeed a land of monasteries. Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Muslim and Sikh shrines abound in this ancient land where India's first major empires rose and fell. 

Latitude 25.37°N
Longitude 85.13°E

Must See

Mahabodhi Temple
Kumhrar
Agam Kuan
Barabar Caves
Nalanda
Ancient Vishnupada Temple
Sasaram
Maner Sharif
Patliputra
Brahmayoni Hill
Pretshila Hill
Ramshila Hill
Rohtasgarh Fort
Sasaram Fort
Palamu Fort
Maner Fort
Jalalgarh Fort
RajMahal
Munger Fort
Mahatma Gandhi Setu
Mahavir Mandir
Sitamarhi
Madhubani
Punausa
Buxar
West Champaran
Munger
Jamui
Darbhanga
Anga
Patna
Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb
Gurdwara Pahila Bara
Gurdwara Gobind Ghat
Gurdwara Guru ka Bagh
Gurdwara Bal Leela
Gurdwara Handi Sahib
Gurdwara Taksali Sangat
Gurdwara Chacha Phaggu Mal
Gurdwara Pakki Sangat
Gurdwara Bari Sangat Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji Chauki
Bodhi Tree
Bodh Gaya
Gaya
Vaishali
Pawapuri
Rajgir
Kesariya
Vikramshila
Areraj
Bihar Sharif
Phulwari Sharif
Arrah
Padari ki haveli
Golghar
Patna Museum
Kargil Chowk
Nalanda Museum
Bodh Gaya Museum
Vaishali Museum
Vikramshila Museum
Patna Planetarium
Srikrishna Science Centre
Valmiki National Park
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary
Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary
Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan
Kakolat Waterfall
Telhar Waterfall
Karkat Waterfall

Popular Food

Daal
Sabzi
Khichdi
Litti-Chokha
Chitba
Pitthow
Tilba
Chewda
Kadhi Bari
Kachri
Bhuja(Bhel-Puri)
Murhi
Kachri
Jalebi
Anarasa
Belgrami
Chena Murki
Motichoor ke Laddoo
Kala Jamun
Kesaria Peda
Khaja
Khurma
Khubi ki Lai
Laktho
Parwal ki Mithai
Pua & Mal Pua
Thekua
Murabba
Tilkut
Gurahi Laddu
Dhuska
Makhana
Sattu
Khaja
Roll
Tash
Fish Curry
Biharee Kabab
Shami Kabab
Nargisi Kufte
Shabdeg
Yakhnee Biryanee
Motton Biryani
Shaljum Gosht
Baqer Khani
Kuleecha
Naan Rootee
Sawee ka Zarda
Qemamee Sawee
Gajar ka Halwa
Ande ka Zafrani Halwa
Machchak Jhor
Maus
Malpuas
Kankorak Chokha
Dokak Jhor
Chitba
Pitthow
Tilba
Kadhi Bari
Arikanchanak Tarkari
Daail-Jhinguni
Ramruch
Goidila
Chura - Dahi
Chura Aam
Poori - Aloo Dum
Jalebi
Chini wala Roti
Chilha
Suzi k halwa
Masalgar Murhi
Makhanaak Kheer
Ammath
Kumhar ke murabba
Papita ke murabba
Dhatrikak murabba
Paan

Things to Buy

Handicrafts
Madhubani paintings
Miniatures in Paper and Leaves
Hand-painted Wall Hangings
Appliqu work on fabric
Bamboo and Cane Work
Stone pottery
Leather Goods
Wooden stools
Lord Buddh Statue
Tilcoot
Hand-woven Raw Tussar silk
Bead-jewellery
Soanpapri
Petha

How To reach

By Road: The state has a vast network of National and State highways. East-West corridor goes through the cities of Bihar (Muzaffarpur-Darbhanga-Purnia NH57) 4-6 lanes. The cities of Bihar are well connected by public transport including both private and government transport. The cities are interconnected as well as connected with the capital. The roadways also connected to adjacent states and regular bus service is available for different cities of adjacent states like Jharkhand, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh. The roadways also connects to Nepal. To boost the state roadways, the State Government have introduces Mercedes Benz luxary buses.

By Train: Bihar is well-connected by railway lines to the rest of India. Most of the towns are interconnected, and they also are directly connected to Kolkata, Delhi and Mumbai. Nepal Railways operates two railway lines: a 6 km broad gauge line from Raxaul in India to Sirsiya Inland Container Depot or Dry Port near Birganj in Nepal and a 53 km 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow gauge line from Jaynagar in India to Bijalpura in Nepal. The latter line is composed of two sections: 32 km between Jaynagar and Janakpur and 21 km from Janakpur to Bijalpura.
Bihar is strategically located in the main line of the East Central Railway and therefore connected with important cities of India and most cities within Bihar.

By Air: Bihar has two operational airports and one airport are under construction in Bhagalpur City  : Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna, and the Gaya Airport, Gaya.

By Water: Bihar is also well connected by Ganges. Inland Waterways Authority of India has declared the Ganges between Allahabad and Haldia to be a national inland waterway.

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